Modern technology gives us many things.

European Union landmark agreement on artificial intelligence

Representatives of the European Commission, the European Parliament and the 27 member countries reached after three days of intensive negotiations a "political agreement" to create a regulatory framework for the development and use of artificial intelligence technologies.

Its legislators κατέληξαν πάνω σε ένα κείμενο το οποίο αναμένεται ότι θα ευνοήσει την καινοτομία στην Ευρώπη, περιορίζοντας παράλληλα ενδεχόμενες παρεκτροπές αυτών των πολύ προηγμένων τεχνολογιών. «Η ΕΕ γίνεται η πρώτη ήπειρος που ορίζει σαφείς κανόνες για τη χρήση της τεχνητής νοημοσύνης», δήλωσε εκφράζοντας την ικανοποίησή του ο ερωπαίος επίτροπος Τιερί Μπρετόν, ο οποίος είχε παρουσιάσει το σχέδιο τον Απρίλιο 2021.

After that date, the talks were prolonged. The latest round of negotiations, which began Wednesday afternoon, lasted nearly 35 hours. The process had come to a halt at the end of last year in his appearance , the company's text producer of California, able to write dissertations, poems or translations in a few seconds.

This system, like those capable of creating sounds or images, revealed to the general public the enormous potential of artificial intelligence. But also some risks. The spread on social media of fake photos that look real has sounded the alarm about the danger of manipulating public opinion.

Αυτό το φαινόμενο της ς τεχνητής νοημοσύνης ενσωματώθηκε στις διεξαγόμενες διαπραγματεύσεις, έπειτα από αίτημα ευρωβουλευτών οι οποίοι επιμένουν σε μια συγκεκριμένη πλαισίωση αυτου του τύπου των τεχνολογιών με μεγάλο αντίκτυπο. Ζήτησαν κυρίως περισσότερη διαφάνεια στους αλγορίθμους και τις γιγάντιες βάσεις δεδομένων που βρίσκονται στην καρδιά αυτών των συστημάτων.

Member states fear that excessive regulation could kill their potential champions, such as Aleph Alpha in Germany and Mistal AI in France, by making development costs prohibitive.

« autonomy"

The political agreement reached yesterday, Friday evening, needs to be supplemented by a technical work to finalize the text. "We will carefully analyze the compromise reached today and ensure in the coming weeks that the text protects Europe's ability to develop its own artificial intelligence technologies and protect its strategic autonomy," French Digital Governance Minister Jean-Noel responded. Baro.

The tech world seems judgmental. "Speed ​​appears to have been prioritized over quality, with potentially disastrous consequences for the European economy," said Daniel Friedlander, head of Europe at the CCIA, one of the main technology lobbies. According to him, "a technical job" is now "necessary" on details of critical importance.

On genetic artificial intelligence, the compromise provides for a two-speed approach. Rules are imposed on all of them to ensure the quality of data used to develop algorithms and to check that they do not violate copyright laws.

Those developing artificial intelligence systems should also ensure that the sounds, images and texts produced are clearly labeled as artificial. Enhanced obligations will only apply to the most powerful systems.

The text invokes the principles of existing European regulations on product safety, which impose controls that concern businesses first. The heart of the plan lies in a list of rules that are imposed only on systems characterized as "high risk", mainly those used in sensitive areas such as critical infrastructure, education, human resources, law enforcement...

These systems will be subject to a series of obligations, such as having human control of the machine or even having a risk management system installed. The legislation provides for special framing of artificial intelligence systems that interact with humans. It will force them to inform the user that they are in contact with a machine.

Bans will be rare. They will concern applications that are contrary to European values, such as mass surveillance systems used in China, or even remote biometric recognition systems in public places to avoid mass surveillance of populations.

In this last point, however, states received exceptions for certain missions of the forces of order, such as the fight against terrorism. In contrast to the voluntary codes of conduct of some countries, European legislation will be equipped with means of surveillance and sanctions by the creation of a European office of artificial intelligence within the European Commission. It will be able to impose fines of up to 7% of turnover, with a ceiling of 35 million euros for the most serious violations. with information from APE-MPE


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