The history of mobile phones, from... "slippers" to smartphones -
If you are reading this sentence, then you are probably viewing it through your mobile screen. Throughout the 21st century, the usefulness of smartphones has grown exponentially, since they are an integral part of our daily lives to stay constantly connected and in communication with those around us.
Εργαζόμαστε, ψωνίζουμε, κάνουμε συναλλαγές, διασκεδάζουμε και οργανώνουμε το πρόγραμμά μας μέσα από το κινητό μας τηλέφωνο. Πώς όμως ξεκίνησε αυτή η βιομηχανία-μαμούθ; Από πού ξεκίνησαν τα κινητά τηλέφωνα και τι μπορούμε να περιμένουμε στο future;
Smartphones: In the end, how much is harming us? radiation where do they broadcast?
Year 1973, the first mobile phone
Of course, telephones existed before 1973, but they always required a wired connection. In 1973 that was about to change when Motorola made history by creating the world's first mobile phone. Motorola engineer Martin Cooper created the revolutionary device known as the 'DynaTAC 8000X'.
The DynaTAC 8000X weighed over a pound and was over nine inches long. Today's phones weigh between 150 and 200 grams.
It has been reported that the first call made to the original DynaTAC 8000X was actually to the wrong number. But in any case, a call was made and cell phones became a reality.
However, the DynaTAC 8000X only had a 30 minute battery life and took twenty times longer to charge.
Year 1983, cell phones become widely accessible
It took another ten years for the DynaTac 8000X to become commercially available. And while today's smartphones may be considered expensive, the DynaTAC 8000X cost $3.995 when it first came out, which is equivalent to $14.000 today.
1987, the Nokia-Mobira κυκλοφόρησε το πρώτο κινητό τηλέφωνο, το Mobira Cityman 900.
It wasn't until the 1990s that cell phones started to become popular. In 1992, Motorola released the International 3200, the first digital mobile phone. This was much more affordable than the DynaTAC 8000X, but it did not support the function of connecting to GSM networks.
Το 1999, η Nokia κυκλοφόρησε το 7110 σε πολύ πιο προσιτή τιμή συγκριτικά με τα προηγούμενα μοντέλα (475 δολάρια). Μετά το 7110, τα κινητά τηλέφωνα άρχισαν να έχουν πιο προσιτές Prices, καθιστώντας τα πιο προσιτά στο ευρύ κοινό.
Year 1992, the first mobile phone with a touch screen
Although touchscreen smartphones only became widely available in 2007, touchscreen technology itself had been in the works for over four decades before the iPhone was released. In 1965, Eric Johnson created the first finger-controlled touchscreen.
However, it was not a mobile screen and was never commercially available. It would take another 30 years until BM, in collaboration with Mitsubishi Electric, created the IBM Simon, the first mobile phone with a touch screen. This was a personal digital assistant (PDA) with a touchscreen and cellular connectivity capabilities.
Many consider this to be the first smartphone, but this was not the start of the smartphone revolution.
Year 2006, the first modern smartphone
Τα smartphone που γνωρίζουμε σήμερα μοιάζουν ουσιαστικά με μικρές οθόνες τηλεόρασης χωρίς φυσικά πληκτρολόγια. Αυτό το είδος σύγχρονου smartphone εμφανίστηκε το 2006 με το LG Prada (ή LG KE850). Η LG ανακοίνωσε την επερχόμενη κυκλοφορία του Prada στα τέλη του 2006 και οι πωλήσεις ξεκίνησαν τον Μάιο του 2007.
This mobile phone was just 3,89 x 2,13 x 0,47 inches in size, with 8MB internal memory and 2MP camera. The screen was only 240×400 pixels, but the touch feature overturned all the data of the time.
Year 2007, the smartphone era begins
Today, billions of people around the world own smartphones, but until the end of 2010, this was not the case. The smartphone industry boomed with the release of Apple's first iPhone, the A1203.
Η εταιρεία κατασκεύαζε κυρίως ηλεκτρονικά είδη ευρείας κατανάλωσης, όπως το iMac και το iPod, όμως στα μέσα της δεκαετίας του 2000, η Apple έγραψε ιστορία με την δημιουργία του πασίγνωστου πια iPhone. Κανείς δεν ήξερε τότε ότι αυτή η σειρά smartphone θα γινόταν η πιο δημοφιλής παγκοσμίως.
But because the original iPhone was way ahead of its time, it became incredibly popular. In just one year, over six million iPhone A1203 devices were sold.
Year 2018, the first foldable touchscreen smartphone
In the late 2010s, something quite contradictory started to happen. Smartphone manufacturers wanted to bring back the folding ability of the mobile phone, something we all thought belonged to the past.
But the goal was not to recreate older mobiles. Instead, they created touchscreen smartphones that also supported folding.
2020s and the future of mobile phones
Today's smartphones are significantly different from those available fifteen years ago. In just a decade and a half, the industry managed to develop many breakthrough technologies that transformed phones from a communication device to a pocket computer.
Today, you can use your smartphone to order food, find a new roommate, or even buy a car. Its features are already amazing but they don't stop there.
What does the future hold for mobile phones? Future phones will undoubtedly be smart. There are many rumors and theories about how it might be… Transparent? Almost weightless? Built into your wrist? There is no doubt that expectations are high.
In fact, smartphones will probably evolve in a less science fiction way. Today, developers are focusing on some critical areas of smartphone evolution: faster Internet speeds, virtual SIM cards, faster and over-the-air charging, and higher screen quality.
For example, efforts to connect 6G have already begun, with estimates for its launch hovering around 2030.
Additionally, future smartphones could have 3D capabilities, in-screen cameras, and perhaps even change exterior colors using LED backlighting. Smartphones may even become more environmentally friendly.
Many are eager to see new features of future mobiles but only time will tell which new technologies and improvements will become reality. All we can do is wait and learn about every news with enthusiasm.